PM&M / Germany / Bavaria :


[1] : Porzellanfabrik Eduard Haberländer (1913 until 1929)

The founder of the factory and councilor to the board of commerce Eduard Haberländer had been planning a porcelain factory in Windischeschenbach since 1906, however it took until 1913 before he could finally realize his plans. First production started in 1916 and was restricted to staple commodities, the product range was cheap and simple and production capacity was still very low.

[2] : Porzellanfabrik Oscar Schaller & Co. Nachfolger (1929 until 1950)

During 1929 the factory was taken over by ⇒Porzellanfabrik Oscar Schaller & Co. Nachfolger located in Schwarzenbach (Saxony-Anhalt), which at that point was a branch of the ⇒Gebrüder Winterling O.H.G. in Röslau (Upper Franconia, Bavaria). Based on a new concept, products under the 'Eschenbach' brand were changed. Up until 1935, the status of quality porcelain had been established, resulting in a strong economic upturn. But World War II left scars even in Windischeschenbach. The reason that only a small range of china from the 1913 to 1945 period still exists is that all china design ranges as well as all brochures and leaflets and nearly all company documents and correspondence were lost during the eviction by American soldiers. To get production on the way again, the factory used molds from the defunct ⇒Porzellan-Manufaktur Allach-München G.m.b.H. and the resulting product range of course mostly included ornamental plates and tableware. For the first ten years after World War II, the factory went through an extensive expansion and modernization process with a later total of five tunnel kilns without a loss of production capacity.

[3] : Porzellanfabrik Gebrüder Winterling A.G. (1950 until 2000)

In 1950, the 'Winterling' company had corporation status and gave out shares, the main shareholders being the 'Winterling' family members. All daughter companies were re-named to Gebrüder Winterling A.G. and most marks used up until then were changed. Next to normal household products, the factory started to specialize on hotel porcelain and around 1977 employed approximately 700 workers.

[4] : Triptis Porzellan G.m.b.H. & Co. K.G., Werk Windischeschenbach (2000 until 2003)

After the bankruptcy of the Winterling A.G. in November 2000, the assets were taken over by the ⇒Triptis Porzellan G.m.b.H. & Co. K.G. located in Triptis (Thuringia). The factory produced high quality household and hotel porcelain under the trademark 'Eschenbach Porzellan'. The Triptis management seemed only to be interested in the trademarks related to the Windischeschenbach facility and closed the factory in December 2003. But a company can not survive alone with a bunch of trademarks, and it soon became obvious that the Triptis management had bitten off more than they could chew. Confronted with large scaled financial problems, Triptis themselves became insolvent on October 7th 2004 and had to file for bankruptcy a month later. In June 2005, the Triptis company was re-established as Neue Porzellanfabrik Triptis G.m.b.H. and continued business, please view the Triptis entry for further info.


Image 1-01
Used between 1913 and 1928.
(Picture by Dieter Jakubowski)
Image 1-02
Used between 1913 and 1928, here in gold.
Image 1-03
Used between 1913 and 1928.
Image 1-04
Used between 1913 and 1928.
Image 1-05
Used between 1913 and 1929.
Image 2-06
Used after 1930, registered at the ⇒R.W.Z.R. under №·422·872 on August 28th 1930. It was barely used; the shorter 'ESCHENBACH' took its place.
Image 2-07
Used after 1931,registered at the ⇒R.W.Z.R. under №·427·556 on January 5th 1931.
Image 2-08
No dates known, green under glaze.
Image 2-09
No dates known, here on a 'BARONET' piece.
Image 2-10
No dates known, here with the 'IMPORT' mark on a piece exported to Poland.
(Picture by Jonas Caspersson)
Image 2-11
No dates known, here with 'BAVARIA, ELFENBEIN PORZELLAN' and the 'IMPORT' mark on a piece exported to Poland.
Image 2-12
No dates known, note that the cross on top of the crown is missing. Note the 'BAVARIA-GERMANY' addition.
Image 2-13
No dates known, note 'BAVARIA-GERMANY'.
Image 2-14
No dates known, note 'BAVARIA-GERMANY'.
Image 2-15
No dates known, here with 'BAVARIA-GERMANY'.
(Picture by LeeAnn Gates)
Image 2-16
No dates known, here with 'BAVARIA-GERMANY' and additional 'FOREIGN' mark.
(Picture by Janice Hingston)
Image 2-17
Used between around 1930 and 1950. Between 1946 and 1949 this mark was used with a 'GERMANY, US ZONE' addition placed elsewhere on the piece.
Image 2-18
Used between around 1930 and 1950, here with the series name 'LA REINE'.
Image 2-19
Used between 1935 and 1940, green under glaze with ⇒MdASdA addition.
Image 2-20
Used between 1935 and 1945, green under glaze and with 'BAVARIA' in capitals.
Image 2-21
Used between around 1940 and 1945, hard to find version with red 'WINTERLING BAVARIA' addition.
(Picture by Merle)
Image 2-22
Used between 1946 and 1949, with 'GERMANY, US ZONE'.
(Picture by Jose R. Reyes)
Image 2-23
Used between 1946 and 1949, with 'GERMANY, US ZONE'.
Image 2-24
Used between 1946 and 1949, with 'GERMANY, US ZONE', here on a 'BARONET' piece.
(Picture by Fran Kerbs)
Image 3-25
Used around 1950 on export items only, 'WINTERLING' above 'FINEST BAVARIAN CHINA'.
(Picture by Ron McCutchan)
Image 3-26
Used after 1950, the 'ROYAL HEIDELBERG' mark.
Image 3-27
Used after 1950, gold version.
(Picture by Gwenda Tyas)
Image 3-28
Used after 1950, same as before only with additional 'GERMANY'.
Image 3-29
Used after 1950, color version with 'BAVARIA'.
Image 3-30
Used after 1950, same as before only with 'GERMANY' and series name 'DOGWOOD'.
Image 3-31
Used after 1950, peculiar version with 'GERMANY' and additionally stamped 'BAVARIA'.
Image 3-32
Used from 1970 onwards.
Image 3-33
Used from 1977 onwards.
Image 3-34
Used from 1977 onwards.
Image 3-35
Used from 1977 onwards.
Image 4-36
Used from 2000 until 2003.

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