PM&M / Germany / Bavaria :

Tettau

[1] : Königlich privilegierte Porzellanmanufaktur Tettau, Schmidt & Greiner (1794 until 1852):

This well known factory started after the German naturalist Alexander von Humbold had put in a good word for the would-be founders during meetings with the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm II and so Johann Friedrich Paul Schmidt from Coburg and the brothers Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel Greiner and Georg Christian Friedmann Greiner from Kloster Veilsdorf on December 28th 1794 finally received the required permission. The first Bavarian porcelain factory at first concentrated on normal household items as well as coffee, tea and cocoa sets but soon also started to create complete dinner settings. Even if the original permit was only valid for fifteen years, it was later transformed into an unlimited permission due to the success of the factory which greatly pleased the King. During the later years, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel Greiner's son Balthasar was also involved, however he did not share the same interest in the factory and then decided to sell it.

[2] : Königlich privilegierte Porzellanmanufaktur Tettau, Ferdinand Klaus (1852 until 1866)

In 1852 Ferdinand Klaus took over the company and continued to use the same markings. He also kept the product range and only made minor changes in decoration style; the further decorators employed increased the workforce to around 70 people.

[3] : Königlich privilegierte Porzellanmanufaktur Tettau, Sontag & Birkner (1866 until 1879)

Only fourteens years later, the company was sold again, this time to Wilhelm Sontag and Karl Birkner.

[4] : Königlich privilegierte Porzellanmanufaktur Tettau, Sontag & Maisel (1879 until 1902)

After Birkner retired from business his place was taken by the investor and businessman Ludwig Maisel. In 1897 a large blaze completely destroyed the factory and based on the very promising business forecast the owners instantly started to rebuild the factory, only much larger this time. Following the successful restart of operations, Maisel decided to retire and his former partner was joined by his sons.

[5] : Königlich privilegierte Porzellanmanufaktur Tettau, Sontag & Söhne (1902 until 1915)

Sontag's sons were very active and next to running the business in Tettau they also opened a decoration studio in the Thuringian town of Geiersthal where they next to other items mainly decorated goods made by the Fraureuth Porzellan company. During the next years the factory was constantly modernized and prospered, leading to the transformation into a corporation in the year 1915.

[6] : Porzellanmanufaktur Tettau A.G. (1915 until 1958)

Since around 1913 the very successful business had specialized on restaurantware and hotel porcelain as well as special sets for children; its very wide product range was exported worldwide. Only from around 1930 did the factory actually produce large numbers of items decorated in 'Strohblume' (strawflower) and 'Zwiebelmuster' (Blue Onion) styles. Until around 1937 the factory only employed around 250 workers and that number is a great example of how modern and well structured the factory was; in comparison other companies at the same time employed far more people and created less output per year. This success did not go unnoticed and the company had for some time caught the attention of the Christian Seltmann company.

[7] : Königlich privilegierte Porzellanmanufaktur Tettau G.m.b.H. (1958 until ...)

The owner of the ⇒Porzellanfabrik Christian Seltmann G.m.b.H. in Weiden Wilhelm Seltmann became main shareholder of the factory in 1957 and shortly afterwards took over completely, integrating it into the family-owned Seltmann Weiden group after transforming the Tettau factory into a limited liability company

Marks

tettau-01-01
Image 1/2/3/4-01
Used between 1794 and 1885, mostly blue under glaze.
tettau-01-02
Image 1/2/3/4-02
Used between 1794 and 1885, mostly blue under glaze.
tettau-01-03
Image 1/2/3/4-03
Used between 1794 and 1885, mostly blue under glaze.
tettau-01-04
Image 1/2/3/4-04
Used between 1794 and 1885, mostly blue under glaze.
tettau-01-05
Image 1/2/3/4-05
Used between 1794 and 1885, mostly blue under glaze.
tettau-01-06
Image 1/2/3/4-06
Used between 1794 and 1885, mostly blue under glaze.
tettau-01-07
Image 1/2/3/4-07
Used between 1794 and 1885, mostly blue under glaze.
tettau-01-08
Image 1/2/3/4-08
Used between 1794 and 1885, mostly blue under glaze.
tettau-01-09
Image 1/2/3/4-09
Used between 1794 and 1885, mostly blue under glaze.
tettau-01-10
Image 3/4-10
Used between 1866 and 1885, gold over glaze.
tettau-01-11
Image 4-11
Used between 1885 and 1902, registered at the Königliches Landgericht zu Bamberg (Royal court in Bamberg) on June 10th 1887.
tettau-01-12
Image 4-12
Used between 1885 and 1902, same as before, only with 'GERMANY' addition.
tettau-01-13
Image 4-13
Used between 1885 and 1902, same as before but a better stamped.
tettau-01-14
Image 4-14
No date known, same basic mark but topped by 'BAVARIA' and showing the series name 'CARAVANE'.
tettau-01-15
Image 5/6-15
Used after 1902, mostly gold over glaze.
tettau-01-16
Image 5/6-16
Used after 1902, mostly gold over glaze.
tettau-01-17
Image 5/6-17
Used after 1902, green.
tettau-01-18
Image 5/6-18
Used after 1902, mostly gold over glaze but also frequently found in blue.
tettau-01-19
Image 5/6-19
Used after 1902, mostly gold over glaze.
tettau-01-20
Image 5/6-20
Used after 1902, mostly gold over glaze.
tettau-01-21
Image 5/6-21
No date known, a not so frequently seen mark in red.
(Picture by Dan Opfer)
tettau-01-22
Image 5/6-22
No date known, another example in green.
tettau-01-23
Image 5/6-23
No date known, the 'WITTELSBACH CHINA' export mark.
tettau-01-24
Image 5/6-24
No date known, same as before only with 'HOHENZOLLERN CHINA' addition later dropped as Kuno Steinmann also used it.
tettau-01-25
Image 5/6-25
Used from 1902 onwards, mostly gold over glaze.
tettau-01-26
Image 5/6-26
Used from 1902 onwards, blue version.
tettau-01-27
Image 5/6-27
No exact date known. Reads 'BANREUTH', note that the 'Fraktur' font family lower-'y' letter looks line an 'n'.
(Picture by Chuck Hoey)
tettau-01-28
Image 5/6-28
Used from 1902 onwards, green version.
(Picture by Jacqueline Kacprzak)
tettau-01-29
Image 5/6-29
Used from 1902 onwards, green version, here with 'BELMONT' decoration name.
(Picture by Jacqueline Kacprzak)
tettau-01-30
Image 6-30
Used after 1930, here with Polish 'IMPORT' addition.
tettau-01-31
Image 6-31
Used between 1930 and 1946, clearly stating 'BAYERN' instead of the usual 'BAVARIA'.
(Picture by Werner Meyer)
tettau-01-32
Image 6-32
Used between 1930 and 1968 (except 1946-1949) on items from the art department (⇒Kunstabteilung).
(Picture by Clive Loader)
tettau-01-33
Image 6-33
Same as before but picture taken of a much more detailed mark.
(Picture by Stefan Stroessenreuther)
tettau-01-34
Image 6-34
Used between 1946 and 1949, basic green version.
(Picture by eBay used venitalives)
tettau-01-35
Image 6-35
Used between 1946 and 1949, color version.
tettau-01-36
Image 6-36
Used between 1946 and 1949, basic green version.
tettau-01-37
Image 6-37
Used between 1946 and 1949, color version. Same mark *without* 'US ZONE' was used between 1950 and 1954.
(Picture by Kate Potter)
tettau-01-38
Image 7-38
Example of the mark used from 1954 onwards, 'KGL.PR.TETTAU' with additionally stamped 'GERMANY'.
(Picture by Brad Peck)
tettau-01-39
Image 7-39
Example of the mark used from 1954 onwards, 'KGL.PR.TETTAU' with Polish 'IMPORT' addition.
(Picture by
Jacqueline Kacprzak)
tettau-01-40
Image 7-40
Used after 1968, 'GEGR. 1794' means 'established 1794'.
tettau-01-41
Image 7-41
Example of the mark used from 1968 onwards, 'KÖNIGL.PR.TETTAU' with additionally stamped 'GERMANY'.
(Picture by Brad Peck)
tettau-01-42
Image 7-42
Used from 1968, here with additional 'KaDeWe' (Kaufhaus des Westens) from Berlin.
(Picture by
Jacqueline Kacprzak)
tettau-01-43
Image 7-43
Example of the mark used from 1968 onwards, here with additional 'ATELIER TETTAU'.
tettau-01-44
Image 7-44
Used after 1968, mostly on modern pieces.
tettau-01-45
Image 7-45
Example of the mark used from 1968 onwards, here with the old Tettau 'T'.
tettau-01-46
Image 7-46
Also used after 1968, 'ANNO 1794' stands for '1794 A.D.', 'Royal' indicates that this mark was used for export products.
tettau-01-47
Image 7-47
Also used after 1968. 'ROYAL' indicates that this mark was used for export products.
tettau-01-48
Image 7-48
Also used after 1968, example including 'BAVARIA'.
(Picture by Sheryl Williams)

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