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Schwarzenhammer (Thierstein-Schwarzenhammer)

[1] Porzellanfabrik Schumann & Schreider (1905 until 1986)

This factory was founded in 1905 by Christoph Schumann, the brother of Carl Schumann the 1st (see Porzellanfabrik Carl Schumann) and his father-in-law Karl August Schreider, a wealthy land owner. In 1913 it already had 150 employees and specialized on utility ware including many reticulated porcelain items decorated in the Zwiebelmuster ("Blue Onion") and Strohblume ("Strawflower") styles. The company slowly expanded until it had around 400 employees in 1937. Nothing else is known about this company which went bankrupt in 1984 and following its closure in 1986 left behind an industrial ruin with lots of contaminated soil that had to be removed by the regional authorities under state funding between 1998 and 2005.


The different mark colors have no specific meaning and do not refer to quality grade or production period. Numeric additions to the marks represent internal quality assurance and workflow codes, like the responsible foreman, gilder, or decorator ID and are therefore irrelevant.

At least two different marks are known to state the year 1778 as founding year, however there is no indication in the company history whatsoever what this claim is supposed to be based upon. It is commonly believed to represent the year in which the Schreider family settled in the town of Schwarzenhammer.

Next to the relatively uncommon but easily recognizable domestic golden mark used on the York 7350 series, one will also find a dedicated red export mark, consisting of the crowned initials "PSS", standing for Porzellanfabrik Schumann & Schreider, see below.



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Used between 1905 and 1910. Can be found in either green or red.


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Used between 1905 and around 1923, note the shield form and single crown.


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Used around 1920. Less common mark on the "York 7350" series.


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Claimed to have been used after WW2, the regular dedicated export mark on the "York 7350" series.


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Used between 1905 and around 1923. In the center you can see the stylized initials "SH" for Schwarzenhammer, underneath that you can see the year "1778".


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Used between 1910 and around 1923, found in either green or blue.


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Used between 1910 and around 1923, here togather with the so far unidentified importer/distributor mark "Eleanor Bavaria".


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Used between around 1923 and 1945, "Schwarzenhammer" above "Bavaria". Commonly found in gold or red. Vertical shield stripes, open band, stars not filled.


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Used between 1946 and 1949. "Bavaria", "Germany" and "US Zone" are stamped as black addition to the basic gold mark (note the band is also filled).


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Used between 1946 and 1949 with "Bavaria", "Germany" and "US Zone" addition, here a version in light brown.


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Used between 1946 and 1949 with "Bavaria", "Germany" and "US Zone" addition, here one in gold.


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Used around 1949, note "Schwarzenhammer", "Bavaria" and "Germany".


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Used around 1949 until around 1952, "Schwarzenhammer" above "Germany", and here in green.


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Used from 1952 onwards, clear band, with the rearing lion addition which is sometimes found as standalone mark.


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Used from 1952 onwards, rearing lion as standalone mark.


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Used around 1946 to 1949. Standalone unicorn mark with "Porzellan Imperial Germany" and "US Zone", close-up.


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Used around 1946 to 1949. Standalone unicorn mark with "Porzellan Imperial Germany" and "US Zone", full base.


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Used from 1952 onward. Slightly different Unicorn mark as addition, reading "Porzellan Imperial Germany".
(Picture: Jill Gifford)


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Used from 1952 onward, stand-alone "Porzellan Imperial Germany".
(Picture: Will Oosterman)


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Used sometime around 1952, simple version without any shield filling, "Schwarzenhammer" above "Bavaria".
(Picture: Monika Birkl)


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Used sometime around 1952, simply reads "Schwarzenhammer" above "Porzeallan"


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This mark form was used until 1984.


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Used 1946 until 1949. Colored versions follow a similar scheme: "Germany" and "US Zone".
(Picture: Sunnie DeAngelis)


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Used after 1950, colored version with "Germany".


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Used from around 1960, colored version with added "Made in Western Germany".


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Used from around 1960, colored version with added "Western Germany".


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Used from around 1965, colored version with included "Western Germany".


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Used from around 1967, colored version with added "Germany" for export.


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Used from around 1970, final colored version used on the "Royal Frankonia" series.


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Used during the 1970s, a black cover-up.


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Used during the later years until closure. "Schwarzenhammer" above "Porzellan", here in black.


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Used during the later years until closure. "Schwarzenhammer" above "Porzellan", here in red.


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Used during the later years until closure. "Schwarzenhammer" above "Porzellan", white in a black cover-up oval.


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Used during the later years until closure. "Schwarzenhammer" above "Porzellan" and "Scharffeuer" (high temperature fired).


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Used during the later years until closure. "Schwarzenhammer" above "Bavaria".

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