PM&M / Germany / Bavaria :

Schwarzenbach

Germany / Bavaria / Schwarzenbach:

[1] : Porzellanfabrik Oscar Schaller & Co. (1882 until 1917)

The company was founded in the year 1882 by the businessman Oscar Schaller and after exactly ten years he changed his mark into the symbol representing a stylized 'S & C' for Schaller & Co..

[2] : Porzellanfabrik Oscar Schaller & Co. Nachfolger (1917 until 1950)

In 1917 the company was taken over by the ⇒Gebrüder Winterling O.H.G. in Röslau (Bavaria) and renamed to Oscar Schaller & Co. Nachfolger. The upward trend was so promising that they bought and converted the textile factory ⇒Kirchenlamitz (Upper Franconia, Bavaria) in 1920 and took over the company ⇒Porzellanfabrik Eduard Haberländer in Windischeschenbach (Upper Palatinate, Bavaria) in 1929. All these subsidiaries were kept under the name of Oscar Schaller & Co. ⇒Nachfolger. In 1938 the group also took over the ⇒Triptiser Porzellanfabrik A.G. (Triptis, Thuringia) that remained a standalone factory for the next years until its expropriation and partial nationalization in 1947 which was completed after the founding of East Germany in 1949.

An interesting fact is that the company also manufactured some souvenir pieces for the town of Hallerstein, which at that time had a constant flow of tourists visiting their church in Zell-Hallerstein which was based on a chapel built in 1420. Today, pieces marked with 'Hallerstein' are much sought after pieces for collectors of Schaller or Winterling items.

[3] : Porzellanfabrik Gebrüder Winterling A.G. (1950 until 2000)

In 1950 the company was changed to corporation status and gave out shares; the family members being the main shareholders. All daughter companies were re-named to Gebrüder Winterling A.G. and the marks used up until then were changed.

[4] : Triptis Porzellan G.m.b.H. & Co. K.G. (2000 until 2004)

After the bankruptcy of the Gebrüder Winterling A.G. in November 2000, the facility and mark were taken over by the ⇒Triptis Porzellan G.m.b.H. & Co. K.G. located in Triptis (Thuringia). But the Triptis management had bitten off more than they could chew. Confronted with large scaled financial problems, Triptis themselves went insolvent on October 7th 2004 and had to file for bankruptcy a month later. In June 2005 the Triptis company was refounded as Neue Porzellanfabrik Triptis G.m.b.H. and continued business, please view the Triptis entry for further info.

Marks

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Image 1-01
Used between 1882 and 1909.
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Image 1-02
Used between 1892 and 1918 as the use continued for one year after the takeover.
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Image 1-03
Used between 1892 and 1918, blue version.
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Image 1-04
Used between 1892 and 1918, green version over 'IVORY'.
(Hein & Mathilde Sieben)
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Image 1-05
Used between 1892 and 1918.
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Image 1-06
Used between 1909 and 1918 (continued for one year after the takeover), either blue, green, gold or impressed. Sometimes found with 'SCHALLER' addition.
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Image 1-07
Used between 1909 and 1918, here a golden version with 'SCHALLER' and 'BAVARIA'.
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Image 1-08
Used between 1909 and 1918, the blue version over 'GERMANY'
(Picture by Mary Cummings)
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Image 1-09
Used between 1909 and 1918, a golden version over 'ELFENBEIN'.
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Image 1-10
Used between 1909 and 1918, a green version over 'ELFENBEIN'.
(Picture by Fran Kerbs)
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Image 1-11
Used from 1915 until 1917, blue under or over glaze.
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Image 1-12
Used from 1915 until 1917, red version of the 'CHINA BLAU' mark.
(Picture by Everd Broekstra)
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Image 2-13
Used between 1917 and 1919, the rarely found 'W' and 'S&C' combination mark.
(Picture by Mary Cummings)
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Image 2-14
Used from 1918 (each 'A' is triangular).
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Image 2-15
Used after 1918.
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Image 2-16
Used 1918+, uncrowned mark version, claimed to have only been used on 'Zwiebelmuster' (Blue Onion) items ...
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Image 2-17
... but it is also found on 'MEISSEN BOUQUET', 'MEISSEN GARDENS' and 'MEISSEN JADE' items, so that claim is wrong.
(Picture by Pat Jacobson)
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Image 2-18
Used between 1918 and 1935, crowned 'S&C' over 'BAVARIA' only.
(Picture by Roy Sundahl)
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Image 2-19
Used between 1918 and 1935, crowned 'S&C' over 'BAVARIA' and 'GERMANY', here shown in gold.
(Picture by Julie Fuller)
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Image 2-20
Used between 1918 and 1935, crowned 'S&C' over 'BAVARIA' and 'GERMANY', this time in black.
(Picture by Bob & Peg Evans)
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Image 2-21
Used between 1918 and 1935, crowned 'S&C' over 'BAVARIA' and 'GERMANY', another black one.
(Picture by Bob & Peg Evans)
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Image 2-22
Used after 1935 (from a plate dated between 1935 and 1950) in blue.
(Picture by Catrin Eberle-Aeberli)
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Image 2-23
Another version, this time in green and with 'BAVARIA, ELFENBEIN PORZELLAN'.
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Image 2-24
And yet another version in silver that also shows 'BAVARIA, ELFENBEIN PORZELLAN'.
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Image 2-25
Yet another version in gold, with 'ELFENBEIN PORZELLAN' in curved writing over 'BAVARIA'.
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Image 2-26
Used between 1946 and 1949 with 'BAVARIA, GERMANY' and 'US ZONE'.
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Image 2-27
Used after 1955 with 'BAVARIA, WESTERN GERMANY'.
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Image 2-28
Used after 1955, another example.
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Image 2-29
Used around 1950, crowned 'DRESDEN STYLE "ROYAL"' above 'GERMANY'.
(Picture by Ronald Mccutchan)
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Image 2-30
Used after 1950, here a greyish-green version.
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Image 2-31
Used after 1950, this time a peculiar pink version.
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Image 2-32
Used between 1950 and 1990.
(Picture by Jacqueline Kacprzak)
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Image 2-33
Used after 1950, 'BRUNHILDE' is the name of the decoration.
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Image 2-34
Used after 1950, 'STERNZAUBER' is the name of the decoration.
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Image 2-35
The nowadays hard to find 'Hallerstein' marking, here shown in dark blue.
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Image 2-36
The 'Hallerstein' marking, this time in green.
(Picture by Fran Kerbs)
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Image 2-37
The 'Hallerstein' marking, here the gold version.
(Picture by Fran Kerbs)
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Image 3-38
Used between 1950 and 2000.
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Image 3-39
Used between 1950 and 2000.
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Image 3-40
Used between 1950 and 2000.
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Image 3-41
Used between 1950 and 2000.
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Image 3-42
No dates known, used for small bases (e.g. for egg cups).

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